The Environmental Health programme prepares graduates to work at any health and/or private institution to promote the general improvement of environmental health standards and health status of the general public in Zambia. Environmental health is one of the most important elements of health promotion in Zambia. The maintenance and sustainability of an environmentally friendly nation can go a long way in preventing and reducing diseases that are associated with environmental factors. From time to time, new trends occur in the area of preventive medicine. In striving to address these trends, the training institutions have to meet the demands for the production of competent and skilled human resource for the health sector. In order to accomplish this, there is need for constant review of the curriculum to incorporate the changes that occur in the world in general and Zambia in particular. These reviews assist in providing quality training to students and improved health care to the general public. The environmental health curriculum was last reviewed in 2008. As a result, all changes that had since then taken place in the health sector were not incorporated in the operational curriculum. It was therefore felt necessary to review the curricula. The Environmental Health Technologist (EHT) operates under various legal frame works where s/he derives powers. It is therefore imperative that the officer should be given adequate training in order to equip him/her with adequate knowledge and skills to apply these powers in the execution of his/her duties. The consequence of this is the general improvement of environmental health standards and the health status of the general public in Zambia. This curriculum is therefore designed in such a way that after training, the graduate will have acquired knowledge, attitudes and practical skills in the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting physical, social and mental well-being.The graduate will also be able to interpret and advise on aspects of human health including quality of life that is determined by physical, biological, social and psycho-social factors in the environment. In so doing s/he will be able to assess, correct, control and prevent those factors in the environment that can potentially or adversely affect people’s health.

INTRODUCTION

The course is meant to ensure that students acquire knowledge and skills in the inspection of

premises of public health importance and write detailed reports. The course will direct the

students to the application of public health laws for premises that do not comply with such

laws.

COURSE AIM

To enable students acquire knowledge and skills in the inspection of premises of public health

importance and write detailed reports.

COURSE OBJECTIVES:

1. Describe different types of inspections

2. Describe procedures of inspecting premises of public health importance

3. Outline the procedure for abating nuisances arising from trade premises

4. Describe the procedure of inspecting offensive trade premises

5. Describe the anomalies that are associated with offensive trade premises

6. Explain the appropriate action that must be taken when an offensive trade premises is

found to be faulty

7. Describe the anomalies that are associated with slaughter houses

8. Outline the procedure of inspecting slaughter houses

9. Outline the procedure of inspecting swimming pools

COURSE COMPETENCIES:

1. Identify types of inspections

2. Conduct inspection of premises in accordance with procedures outlined in Public Health

Act, CAP 295 and Food and Drugs Act, CAP 303 of the Laws of Zambia

3. Inspect premises of public health importance to ascertain their compliance to public

health laws.

4. Identify the nuisances that fall under common law

5. Apply various techniques available for inspecting trade premises

6. Write reports of inspection of premises of public health importance

7. State public nuisances as provided for in the Public Health Act

8. Control public nuisances as provided for in the Public Health Act

9. Identify various types of offensive trades

10. Inspect offensive trade premises to ascertain their compliance to public health laws

11. Enforce legislation on offensive trades

12. Outline various types of slaughterhouses

13. Inspect slaughterhouses to ascertain their compliance with public health laws

14. Illustrate the design and construction details of swimming pools

15. Inspect swimming pools to ascertain their compliance to public health laws

16. Enforce laws related to inspection of premises

INTRODUCTION

The course focuses on the principles of environmental epidemiology, its practical applications

for investigation of public health problems, planning, implementation and evaluation of

intervention strategies to deal with environmental challenges.

COURSE AIM

To equip students with knowledge and skills in environmental epidemiology

COURSE OBJECTIVES

1. Describe the scope of environmental epidemiology

2. Explain key concepts used in epidemiology

3. Discuss measures of frequency of health events

4. Explain exposure assessment and estimations

5. Describe environmental risk assessment procedure

6. Describe health effects due to exposure to environmental factors

7. Discuss epidemiological studies

COURSE COMPETENCES

1. Elucidate the significance of epidemiology studies

2. Explain environmental epidemiology and related sciences

3. Explain the history of environmental epidemiology

4. Conduct environmental surveillance for data collection

5. Calculate measures of health in populations

6. Interpret measures of health in populations

7. Compare the different exposure assessment techniques.

8. Characterize environmental health impacts and their advantages and disadvantages.

9. Integrate the disciplines of exposure assessment to quantify environmental health risks.

10. Conduct risk assessment in different settings

11. Conduct epidemiological studies

12. Recognize relationships between the environment and human health

13. Identify the risk factors during an epidemic

14. Characterize the associations between causal factors and health outcome of a particular

epidemic

INTRODUCTION

The course is designed to equip students with knowledge of mathematics vocabulary, facts, concepts, principles, laws, methods and procedures with a view to relating the relevance of mathematics to environmental health strategies.

COURSE AIM

To equip students with mathematical principles applicable in environmental health strategies

COURSE OBJECTIVES

1. Demonstrate understanding of BODMAS, decimals, percentages, ratios and indices

2. Demonstrate ability to solve algebraic problems

3. Demonstrate ability to solve series

4. Demonstrate understanding of mensuration, geometry and trigonometry

5. Solve vectors

6. Apply differentiation

7. Solve basic integration

8. Draw basic graphs

9. Use statistical data

COURSE COMPETENCES

1. Simplify mathematical expressions containing brackets, operational

INTRODUCTION

The course is designed to provide students with various concepts in physics as they apply to

environmental health.

COURSE AIM:

To equip the students with knowledge and skills and how to apply them to environmental

strategies

COURSE OBJECTIVES

1. Apply the SI units and measurement symbols

2. Explain vectors and vector calculations

3. Explain motion and its terms

4. Explain the Newton’s laws of motion

5. Explain circular motion and gravitation

6. Explain moments and simple machines

7. Explain energy and momentum Explain harmonic motion

8. State mechanical properties of matter

9. Explain harmonic motion

10. Describe the concepts of fluid dynamics and its application to fluid flow

11. Recognize thermal properties of matter

12. Explain thermodynamic principles

13. Explain principles of waves

14. Explain Electricity and magnetism

15. Describe electromagnetic induction

16. Explain the principles of light and physical optics

17. Explain Atomic physics and radioactivity

18. Apply ultrasonic

19. Describe the physics of communications

INTRODUCTION

The course is designed to provide the students with knowledge and understanding of complex forms involving humans, animals and plants. The course will also help students to understand the interaction between humanity and the world as it relates to environmental health.

COURSE AIM:

To provide students with a basic conceptual framework and logical structure to understand biological phenomena as related to environmental health.

COURSE OBJECTIVES:

1. Describe evolutionary hypotheses of life and the biomolecules.

2. Explain the physico-chemical foundations of life

3. Explain the basic structure and functions of biomolecules.

4. Describe the structure and functions of cell components.

5. Classify the different life forms.

COURSE COMPETENCES:

1. Illustrate the dumbbell and hour glass theories.

2. State the rationale of RNA preceding both DNA and Protein

3. Elucidate functions nucleic acids.

4. Identify the biomolecules using their structures

5. Classify amino acids

6. Relate structure of biomolecules to function.

7. Illustrate protein biosynthesis.

8. Distinguish between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, plant and animals.

9. Explain the fluid mosaic model of membranes.

10. Relate cell ultrastructure to cell function.

11. Use a microscope.

12. Calculate magnification.

13. Classify organisms.

14. Differentiate closely related organisms.

15. Construct a simple classification key.

INTRODUCTION

The course forms the basis for helping students to understand matter and its interactions with other matter and energy. Additionally, it will assist students to understand the world around them in relation to environmental health.

COURSE AIM

To equip students with basic concepts and experimental skills in chemistry

COURSE OBJECTIVES

1. Describe physical states of matter

2. Explain atomic structure and electronic configuration

3. Explain the periodic table trends

4. Explain chemical bonding, structure and shape of molecules

5. Apply the principles of Stoichiometry

6. Explain principles of solubility and solution properties

7. Classify Intermolecular forces

8. Explain equilibrium

9. Explain key concepts in organic chemistry

COURSE COMPETENCES

1. Describe physical states of matter

2. Explain the composition of matter

3. Illustrate the atomic structure and electron configuration

4. Describe the Kinetic theory of gases

5. Differentiate Relative atomic mass from Relative molecular mass.

6. Perform stoichiometric calculations

7. Perform volumetric analysis

8. Write acid-base, precipitation and redox reactions

9. Describe the groups of Periodic Table

10. Identify elements found in Groups III to VI in the Periodic Table.

11. Demonstrate understanding of empirical and molecular formulae.

12. Explain the mole concept

13. Illustrate the Mole relationship of reactants and products

14. Describe the quantum mechanical module an atom

15. Apply principles of solubility

16. Explain and predict the chemical bonding in, and the structure and shape of, simple

molecules.

17. Elucidate types of bond

18. Demonstrate knowledge on intermolecular forces

19. Handle equipment/glassware, in making observations, recording and analysis of data

20. Apply knowledge and skills of chemistry to environmental health

21. Perform the process of balancing of Oxidation-reduction reaction Equati

INTRODUCTION

This course is designed to help students understand the social conditions that affect psychological well being and to describe the process linking the social conditions to their psychological effects. The course also assists the students to develop a framework for understanding the different psychological approaches as they apply to environmental health.

COURSE AIM

To equip students with knowledge, skills and attitudes for socio-psychological application in environmental health.

COURSE OBJECTIVES

1. Describe the scope and basic approaches in sociology.

2. Describe the influence of cultural beliefs and practices on human behaviour and

health

3. Outline the importance of socialisation and social networks in health

4. Explain the concept of social stratification

5. Describe the concept of sociology applied to health

6. Describe the scope and basic approaches in psychology

7. Outline the interactions between motivation and behaviour

8. State learning and memory enhancing techniques

9. Explain emotions in relation to health

COURSE COMPETENCES

1. Describe the process of socialisation

2. Explain the importance of social networks in environmental health related activities

3. Apply the concept of sociology applied to Health

4. Demonstrate knowledge on of how culture influences health.

5. Identify social and behavioural aspects of emotions

6. Compare personality theories

7. Identify main features of a personality theory

8. Illustrate how built environment relates to socio-psychological aspects

9. Define social epidemiology

10. Explain the influence of cultural beliefs and practices on human behaviour and health

11. Display sensitivity in dealing with communities

12. Analyse the relationship between human behaviour and diseases

13. Summarise the history and common approaches in psychology

14. Describe the relationship between socio-psychology and other professions

15. Define motivation

16. Explain theories of motivation

17. Assess the interaction between motivation and behaviour

18. Identify mental processes and factors involved in learning and

INTRODUCTION

This course is designed to help students understand the social conditions that affect psychological well being and to describe the process linking the social conditions to their psychological effects. The course also assists the students to develop a framework for understanding the different psychological approaches as they apply to environmental health.

COURSE AIM

TO equip students with knowledge and skills in basic computer system, communication and

health management information system

COURSE OBJECTIVES

1. Describe Information Technology

2. Define hardware and software of the computer system

3. Describe communication.

4. Describe management information system

5. Explain academic writing

COURSE COMPETENCES

1. Operate the computer system

2. Operate windows operating packages

3. Browse the Internet

4. Send and receive e-mails

5. Utilize electronic media in environmental practices

6. Manage data from health institutions using electronic media

7. Elucidate types of communication

8. Illustrate methods of communication

9. Illustrate communication process

10. Explain group dynamics

11. Cite authority in the text

12. Provide references in a prescribed form